Cardiovascular System Pdf Notes

Cardiovascular System Pdf Notes

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Cardiovascular system pdf notes Download. The cardiovascular system includes: The heart, a muscular pump The blood, a fluid connective tissue The blood vessels, arteries, veins and capillaries Blood flows away from the heart in arteries, to the capillaries and back to the heart in the veins There is a decrease in blood pressure as the blood travels away from the heart Arterial branches of the aorta supply oxygenated blood to all parts of the body.

• The sac enclosing the heart is known as the pericardium. • The right side of the heart is the pulmonary circuit pump. • Pumps blood through the lungs, where CO2 is unloaded and O2 is picked up. • The left side of the heart is the systemic circuit pump. • Pumps blood to the tissues, delivering O2 and nutrients and picking up CO2 and wastesFile Size: 2MB. Cardiovascular System & Its Diseases: Autonomic Nervous System The patient is 21 yrs old and has experienced frequent episodes of blurred vision, dizziness, faintness and syncope for as long as she can remember.

She is the only child; her mother has a history of two spontaneousFile Size: 2MB. Beating Heart blood from the body blood from the lungs The atria contract at the same time: 2. The atria then contract and the valves open to all blood into the ventricles. 1. The heart beat begins when the heart muscles relax and blood flows into the atria. to the cardiovascular system are: 1. The system is a closed circle rather than being open-ended and linear. 2. The system is elastic rather than rigid.

3. The system is filled with liquid at a positive mean pressure ("mean cardiovascular pressure"), which exists independent of. Cardiovascular System Notes: Heart Disease & Disorders. The Electrocardiograph (ECG) was invented in by Willem Einthoven Dutch Physiologist.


This test is still used to evaluate the heart's rate and rhythm. Interesting Heart Facts. Review What are the 3 parts of the cardiovascular system? The cardiovascular system includes a muscular pump equipped with one-way valves and a system of large and small “plumbing” tubes within which the blood travels.

Cardiovascular System: Diagrams, Quizzes, Free Worksheets

(We discussed blood, the sub-stance transported, in Chapter ) Here we will consider the heart (the pump) and the blood ves-File Size: KB. 1. The central organ of the cardiovascular system is the heart. This is a hollow, muscular organ that contracts at regular intervals, forcing blood through the circulatory system. 2.

The heart is cone-shaped, about the size of a fist, and is located in the centre of the thorax, between the lungs, directly behind the sternum (breastbone). The heart is. The circulatory system. (a) The circulatory system consists of a series of vessels that transport blood to and from the heart, the.


Chapter 8 Cardiovascular System Diseases And Disorders

(b) The circulatory system has two major circuits: the pulmonary circuit, which transports blood to and from the lungs, and the systemic circuit, which transports blood to and from the body (excluding the File Size: 2MB. The cardiovascular system can be compared to a muscular pump equipped with one-way valves and a system of large and small plumbing tubes within which the blood travels.

Heart Structure and Functions The modest size and weight of the heart give few hints of its incredible strength. 25/01/  The human circulatory system consists of blood, heart, blood vessels, and lymph. The human circulatory system circulates blood through two loops (double circulation) – One for oxygenated blood, another for deoxygenated blood.

The human heart consists of four chambers –. Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cardiovascular Physiology Ziser Lecture Notes, 5 blood pressure is created by 1. the force of the heart beat the heart maintains a high pressure on the arterial end of the circuit 2.

peripheral resistance back pressure, resistance to flow eg atherosclerosis inhibits flow raises blood pressure Measuring Blood Pressure. Functions of Blood System Transport: to and from tissue cells • Nutrients to cells: amino acids, glucose, vitamins, minerals, lipids (as lipoproteins).

• Oxygen: by red blood corpuscles (oxyhaemoglobin - 4 x O2 molecules/haemoglobin). • Wastes from cells: urea, CO2 (mainly as HCO3-in solution in the plasma).Temperature Regulation: by altering the blood flow through the Size: KB. he cardiovascular system is sometimes called, simply, the circulatory system. It consists of the heart, which is a muscular pumping device, and a closed system of vessels called arteries, veins, and capillaries.

Circulation/Transport Capillaries

As the name im-plies, blood contained in the circulatory system is pumped by the heart around a closed circle or circuit of vessels as it. Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels. blood vessels are structures that pulsate, constrict, relax and proliferate; Structure and Function.

three types of blood vessels: arteries, capillaries and veins Order of movement through Blood Vessels: Large Artery-> Smaller Arteries-> Arterioles-> Capillary Beds of Organs and Tissues-> from capillaries into Venules-> Veins-> Larger Veins -> Heart/5(50).

A. Heart is a cone-shaped, hollow, muscular structure located in the thorax. B. Larger arteries and veins are continuous with the heart as its base. 1. Base is directed upward (dorsal) and forward (cranial). 2. Opposite end of the cone is known as the apex C. Membrane around the heart. The circulatory system is made up the heart, blood vessels, and blood.

Circulation, or transport, is a vital function. Life cannot go on without it. Blood vessels are found in almost every part of the body. If laid end to end, your blood vessels would stretch outFile Size: 2MB. PATHOLOGY OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Cardiovascular pathology is the study of diseases that affect the heart and vascular structures. Diseases of the myocardium, endocardium, pericardium, and vascular structures as well as congenital cardiovascular anomalies and tumors of the cardiovascular system will be discussed.

OBJECTIVES: 1. 29/01/  The heart is the key organ of the cardiovascular system – the body’s transport system for blood.

Anatomy And Physiology Of

A muscle that contracts rhythmically and autonomously, it works in conjunction with an extensive network of blood vessels running throughout the body.

Basically, the heart is a pump ensuring the continuous circulation of blood in the body. culatory system. This movement is achieved through the actions of a pump, our heart, and a series of non-rigid, living pipes, the vasculature. The Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System: The Heart The heart is a muscular organ, approximately the size of your fist, comprising four chambers: left and right atrium and left and right ventricles.

Structure of the cardiovascular system. If you clench your hand into a fist, this is approximately the same size as your heart.

It is located in the middle of the chest and slightly towards the left. sion of the heart as a pump, then move on to the even big-ger picture of blood flow through the entire cardiovascular system. THE HEART AS A PUMP In Chapter 18 we discussed the functional anatomy of the heart.

Its four chambers and their valves make up. PATHOLOGY OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Cardiovascular pathology is the study of diseases that affect the heart and vascular structures. Diseases of the myocardium, endocardium, pericardium, and vascular structures as well as congen ital cardiovascular anomalies and tumors of the cardiovascular system will be discussed.

OBJECTIVES: Size: 2MB. CARDIOVASCULAR NOTES - 2ND ED. What’s included: Ready-To-Study Anatomy, Physiology, Pathophysiology, and Pathology Notes of the Cardiovascular System. Features: Succinct & Richly illustrated; Downloadable & Printable PDF documents. Compatible with OneNote, Notability & Goodnotes. Human Anatomy & Physiology: Circulatory System, Ziser Lecture Notes, 3 The Circulatory System (Cardiovascular System) major connection between external and internal environment: everything going in or out of body must go through the circulatory system to get to where its going more than 60, miles of blood vessels with a pump that File Size: KB.

CARDIOLOGY NOTES CARDIOVASCULAR EXAM The second heart sound comprises of aortic (A2) and pulmonary (P2) component. In LBBB, the aortic closure is delayed because the left ventricle contracts later. This then causes reversed splitting (A2P2 → P2A2) if the second heart sound. Human Circulatory System. The human circulatory system which is also known as blood vascular system comprises muscular chambered heart, a network of closed branching blood vessels and fluid in the form of blood.

Blood vessels – Arteries, Capillaries, and Veins. Arteries can carry blood from the heart to the of the parts of the body. Cardiovascular System Notes Key terms: cardiovascular system: a collection of organs that transport blood throughout the body (consists of heart and blood vessels) heart: organ made of cardiac muscle with four chambers; responsible for pumping blood atrium: chamber of the hear in the UPPER section ventricle: LOWER chambers of the heart valves: flap-like structures in heart near arteries the.

16/04/  No notes for slide. Circulatory system pdf 1. The Human Circulatory System 2. The human circulatory system This system is one of the most important in the body.

It is made up of 3 main parts: • The heart • The Lungs • The blood vessels. This system is also known as the cardiovascular system. The heart is a four-chambered muscular pump which pumps blood round the circulatory system. The right side of the heart pumps de-oxygenated blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen. The left side of the heart pumps the oxygenated blood from the lungs around the rest of the body.

1. Deoxygenated blood enters through the vena cava into the right atrium. 2. The heart is located in the mediastinum, the cavity between the lungs. The heart is tilted so that its pointed end, the apex, points downward toward the left hip, while the broad end, the base, faces upward toward the right shoulder. The heart is surrounded by the pericardium, a sac characterized by the following two layers.

03/12/  Reading time: 5 minutes The cardiovascular system is a vital organ system which is quite literally at the centre of everything. Comprised of the heart, blood vessels and the blood itself, it is divided into two loops which both begin in the heart. Types of Circulatory System. Open Circulatory System In the open circulatory system, blood flows from lacunae, large open spaces and through sinuses among the tissues. Blood comprises very low pressure in this system.

They are usually found in higher invertebrates namely insects, prawns, etc. Tissues are in direct contact with the blood. Sep 6, - These sketch notes cover the basics of the Cardiovascular System! This 1 page note taking device is a great way to either introduce or review at the end of the content. Students can label the diagram of the heart and quickly refer to important key points about the heart.

26/11/  Power point the cardiovascular system - anatomy and physiology 1. Anatomy and Physiology 2. Is about inches tall and inches wide Weighs about lb. in men and lb. in women Beats abouttimes per day Beats billion time in an average 70 yr. lifetime Pumps about gallons of blood each day Circ. Teacher's Guide: Cardiovascular System (Grades 6 to 8) Subject: The activities in this Teacher's Guide will help your students learn about the cardiovascular system and how it circulates blood throughout the body.

Keywords: cardiovascular system, heart, hearts, cardio, cardiovascular, vein, veins, artery, arteries, circulatory system, blood.

Respiratory System Notes • While watching the following video, takes notes on the different structures of the respiratory system on your diagram worksheet. Video Clip Coverings: Parietal Pleura: inner lining Visceral Pleura: outer lining Pleural Cavity: Space between the two- purpose?. Circulatory systems are of two types Open Circulatory system and Close Circulatory System.

Human being possess Close circulatory system where blood flows through a closed nexus of blood vessels in contrary to open circulatory system where blood flows in open spaces. It contains four parts – (i) Heart (ii) Arteries (iii) Veins (iv) Blood. The. Cardiovascular system.

1) The SA node is the normal pacemaker because of its: a) rate of impulse discharge b) location in the atrium c) neural control d) muscular structure e) relative position to the A.V node. 2) The SA node is the normal pace maker because. 01/09/  The cardiovascular system circulates oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. PIXOLOGICSTUDIO/Science Photo Library/Getty Images Heart.

The heart is the organ that supplies blood and oxygen to all parts of the body. This amazing muscle produces electrical impulses through a process called cardiac impulses cause the heart to contract and then relax. Cardiovascular System Overview •The plumbing: circulation systems in the body •The wiring: cardiac electrophysiology •The pump: the heart as a pump •The flow: blood and hemodynamics •The control: brain/hormonal/local, feedback Introduction Bioengineering CV Physiology Cardiovascular System Regulation •Goal: adequate flow.

Human cardiovascular system, organ system that conveys blood through vessels to and from all parts of the body, carrying nutrients and oxygen to tissues and removing carbon dioxide and other wastes. Blood is propelled by the heart, with arteries, capillaries, and veins serving as the major vessels of the system. Sinus rhythm is normal heart rhythm (60 to beats per minute) – Fibrillation - wild and uncoordinated – Flutter - unusually fast heart rate (up to beats per minute) Diseases of the Heart • Arrhythmias – Heart block: interruption in conduction system – Divided into first- second-,orthird-degree.

An Introduction to the Cardiovascular System. The cardiovascular system can be thought of as the transport system of the body. This system has three main components: the heart, the blood vessel and the blood itself. The heart is the system’s pump and the blood vessels are like the delivery routes. 31/12/  Here’s a link to the PDF file for the above-mentioned notes: ICSE NOTES – Circulatory System (Compiled by Khushi Verma) You may print these notes through the PDF file and refer to them for your personal use as required.

You are forbidden to reproduce any part of these notes without our prior permission. the heart and blood vessel system Inflammation, drugs, high blood pressure, unhealthy diet, trauma, toxins and alcohol. Stroke Strokes are caused by disruption of the blood supply to the brain. This may result from either blockage (ischaemic stroke) or rupture of a blood vessel (haemorrhagic stroke). Cardiology revision notes, covering ECG interpretation and key cardiology conditions.

Clinical Examination A comprehensive collection of clinical examination OSCE guides that include step-by-step images of key steps, video demonstrations and PDF mark schemes. Cardiovascular System Dr.

Philip L. Pokorski University of Michigan Dearborn Department of Biology The Blood Vessels The cardiovascular system has three types of – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on - id: 3ae3f4-NDE0O. - Cardiovascular System Pdf Notes Free Download © 2017-2021